Glycol

Ethylene glycol was first obtained in 1856 by the French chemist Charles Adolphe Wurtz. Wurtz obtained ethylene diacetate by treating ethylene iodide with silver acetate. Then he prepared ethylene glycol by reacting ethylene diacetate with potassium hydroxide. Wurtz, who gave the name glycol to the compound he obtained, obtained ethylene glycol by hydration of ethylene oxide by using a different method in 1859. Commercial scale production of ethylene glycol started in 1917 in the USA. The first large glycol factory was established in 1925 in Virginia.